Авторы: Ю.И. Моржин, д.т.н., С.Г. Попов, к.т.н., А.А. Румянцев, М.Д. Ильин – ОАО «НТЦ ФСК ЕЭС»
Authors: Y.I. Morzhin, S.G. Popov, Y.V. Kor Zhetskiy , M.D. Ilin – JSC “R & D FGC UES”
Ключевые слова: электрическая подстанция; стандарт IEC 61850; IED-терминал; технология «Цифровая подстанция»; опытный полигон; RTDS; испытания; коммуникации на подстанции.
Keywords: electrical substation; IEC 61850; IED terminal; “digital substation” technology; testing field; RTDS; tests.
Аннотация: В настоящее время в российской электроэнергетике существует большое разнообразие точек зрения и подходов к тому, что понимать под термином «цифровая подстанция». Для успешной автоматизации процессов передачи, преобразования и распределения электроэнергии в масштабах всей ЕНЭС, в настоящий момент разрабатывается общая концепция программно-аппаратного комплекса цифровой подстанции.
Abstract: The article discusses components of the development of technology, which in Russia is called "Digital Substation". This technology is based on IEC 61850. The basic components of the technology are construction a reliable communication network for the IED terminals (in terms of standard "process bus" and " station bus"), as well as field testing of equipment from different manufacturers on the possibility of joint work (check requirements of the standard - interoperability) for use in operational practices.
To solve these tasks created a testing- field Digital Substation in "R&D FGC UES", based on the existing experimental AC substation 110/10 kV, which is powered by a 110 kV electric networks of the regional network of JSC "Moscow United Electric Grid Company."
Testing field consists of 2 parts - the substation and laboratory related unified communications environment.
The structure of the substation: control center of substation with protection terminals and measurement IED, communication networks, equipment of time synchronization , optical measuring current and voltage transformers, converters analog and digital signals (SAMU) outdoor performance on outdoor switchgear 110 kV substation.
The laboratory of part testing ground is a hardware and software of complex Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS) and other hardware and software test systems (OMICRON CMC 256 plus, RETOM-61850).
Testing ground is necessary for the decision of tasks of development of an optimal architecture of the communication environment for the build process bus and «bus station» for substations of various voltage classes, accordance with the requirements of the standard IEC 61850 and studies its characteristics.
Research performed at the testing ground directed on development of technical documentation in the form of technical requirements for primary and secondary equipment which can be applied to new technology.
A testing-ground Digital substation is intended for familiarization of employees of power grid companies, design and commissioning personnel with new technology.
At the testing ground is conducted experimental operation of equipment designed in accordance with the recommendations of the IEC 61850 standard, different vendors.
Employees of the testing ground Digital substation, together with other industry electricity organizations, develop the programs for training courses, recommendations for the de-sign, commissioning and operation of new equipment. JSC «FGC UES» assigns JSC "R&D FGC UES" coordinating role in developing a technology of Digital substation and implementation of the operational practices of the grid companies of Russia.